Wind Cave National Park was the seventh US national park to be designated and was the first cave the world over to be designated as a national park. It is currently the 5th largest in the world, with 137.02 miles of discovered passages (and more being discovered each year). It is considered a three-dimensional maze cave due to the highest concentration of passages in a cubic mile of any cave in the world.
Notable speleothems include boxwork (Wind Cave has 95% of the world's discovered boxwork) and frostwork. Boxwork is a calcite speleogen that forms when the walls of a cave erode away but the hardened calcite does not, leaving a boxlike honeycomb structure on the walls and roof.
The cave is open year-round (excluding holidays).
Posted by Greg Heil on March 23, 2012
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